Why Switzerland Is Insanely Well Designed

Why Switzerland Is Insanely Well Designed

This is the world’s longest and deepest
tunnel look at it it’s absolutely
massive it runs under the swiss alps and
is 57 kilometers long and reaches a
depth of 2300 meters it’s used for
trains that hit speeds of up to 250
kilometers an hour in a tunnel dance and
let’s not forget two kilometers under
the surface making this a true
engineering marble but if you look at a
map of railway lines in switzerland
you’ll see that there are multiple
tunnels like this one across the country
and this is because the swiss have
conquered the mountains and exposed them
in ways no other country has managed to
do and as a result the country has
developed a crazy transportation
infrastructure that is to say it mildly
mind-numbingly efficient just take a
look at its motor ways with a total
length of almost 1900 kilometers its
network of national highways is very
dense among the densest in europe in
fact because despite the rough
mountainous terrain switzerland still
manages to have one of the best road
networks in the world ranking third in
road infrastructure quality even crazier
though is the country’s railway network
that you just had a sneak peek of with
the world’s longest and deepest tunnel
as it too is one of the densest railway
networks in the world despite the
mountains on top of that it is arguably
one of the best rail networks as well
having been ranked as the best in europe
in the 2017 railway performance index
and the third most efficient in the
world according to the global
competitiveness report couple this with
a very high punctuality as eighty nine
and a half percent of the trains reach
the destination within three minutes of
scheduled arrival and you get a super
efficient railway network but the things
the swiss will go to in order to develop
their incredible infrastructure doesn’t
stop at digging tunnels and building
extensive road and railway networks and
to understand what i mean by this just
look at this map this is a map of
switzerland’s hydropower plants and
these studs represent the location of
them hydropower plants are used to
harness the power of water to produce
electricity and it turns out switzerland
has a lot of these plants and there’s a
very specific reason for that you see
switzerland is a country that doesn’t
really have any reserves of fossil fuels
therefore they had to get a bit more
creative with their energy generation
methods so they did what they knew best
they turned to their mountains and
started exploiting them in genius ways
this time to use the huge water
reservoirs hidden in the mountains to
their advantage it’s genius because when
you have an elevated body of water
there’s a ton of potential energy to tap
into and to do that you simply make the
water flow downwards towards turbines
that generate electricity using the
power of gravity this is why switzerland
has 682 hydropower plants today which at
first might not sound like a lot if you
compare it with other european countries
like germany that has over seven
thousand but the thing is that these
plants are responsible for supplying 31
percent of switzerland’s energy
consumption which is much higher than
the eu average of around five and a half
percent but the most impressive thing
about switzerland’s energy generation
methods is that most of their energy
comes from renewable sources something
that’s made possible not only by their
hydropower plants but also the four
nuclear reactors they currently have
online that provide 20 percent of the
country’s energy needs this is almost
double the eu average of 11
and unlike germany switzerland plans to
keep these running instead of shutting
them down for no reason the result of
this is a grid that is very reliable as
opposed to being highly dependent on the
sun to shine or the wind to blow which
is the reality for some other european
nations but going back to the mountains
have you ever wondered what they might
be hiding in them well very expensive
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sponsoring this video alright so how
come switzerland has such amazing
infrastructure and a genius utilization
of the landscape when other similar
nations don’t well it all has to do with
switzerland being imbued with a culture
of practicality and problem solving from
an early age you see much like germany
and nordic countries vocational training
is deeply entrenched in the swiss
culture what this means is that as part
of their education the students from an
early age assume responsibilities and
are faced with practical problems in a
work environment this is part of the
reason why the swiss vocational training
system is widely regarded as one of the
best in the world and as a result there
is a relatively low youth unemployment
rate and a large pool of a specialized
workforce ready to get its hands dirty
with real world problems but it’s not
only the educational system that is
contributing to the country’s efficiency
it’s also politics and no by politics i
don’t mean its international politics
and the country’s insane neutrality
status on which i’ve already made a
video i mean the institutions that
regulate the interior life of the
country you see switzerland has a
tradition of direct democracy
implemented through its people voting in
referendums and when i say referendums i
mean a lot of referendums which is a
good thing because it allows the
citizens to have a direct say on aspects
of big projects this in turn increases
public support and transparency for
these projects as it creates a culture
of continuous and meticulous checks on
their progress this way you get textbook
examples of well-managed projects
combine this with a high trust in the
institutions undertaking those projects
and you have some of the factors
explaining why switzerland is so good at
developing its infrastructure now i
should probably mention that for a
period of time this infrastructure was
rigged with explosives which included
the tunnel i mentioned in the beginning
of the video you know the longest and
deepest tunnel in the world and i know
it might sound pretty insane and at its
peak the swiss defensive network
involved roughly 2 000 separate
structures fitted with explosives they
put them in every single part of their
infrastructure bridges tunnels roads
airstrips and so on it was a pretty wild
time with switzerland but don’t worry
the swiss promised they’ve taken those
out a long time ago so all is good now i
think at least but anyway it should be
clear that what could ostensibly have
been a huge obstacle for the development
of the country you know the extremely
mountainous terrain the swiss have
somehow managed to turn it into one of
its biggest strengths they leverage its
benefits and downsize the cost of their
country’s morphology in the best way
possible now keep in mind that what i’ve
shown you are just some examples of
switzerland’s incredible efficiency the
list could go on and on from the
country’s incredibly designed cities to
its highly innovative economy but the
point is as i said in the beginning that
the swiss are good at building things
and they have managed to create a
well-coordinated system that promotes
problem solving and efficiency as a
result of this their infrastructure is
arguably one of the best in the world
but that’s it for this video thank you
for watching and i’ll see you in the
next one

 

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